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PLEASE NOTE: If you use this page to search PubMed you cannot save the search term with the page. The text of the search term must be saved separately.

joining search terms - "boolean" searching

PubMed will tell you more about "boolean" searching here - don't forget to check out the bit about parentheses (brackets). Boolean searching is NOT intuitive; it needs thought and practice and operators (whatever they are) must be in UPPER CASE. This PubMed Tutorial provides additional information about how to reliably retrieve references from the US National Library of Medicine.

boolean "operators"
OR will find items that have any of the terms specified - more citations returned. AND will find items that contain all of the terms specified - fewer citations returned. NOT excludes items containing the terms specified - fewer citations returned.

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PubMed, a service of the National Library of Medicine, includes over 15 million citations for biomedical articles back to the 1950's. These citations are from MEDLINE and additional life science journals. PubMed includes links to many sites providing full text articles and other related resources.